Kailash Satyarthi – Introduction
At the age of 66 he is still fighting against child labor all around India. He was born as Kailash Sharma in January 1954 at Vidisha district of Madhya Pradesh, India. Kailash satyarthi grew in the mohalla, his father was a constable (retired as head constable) and his mother was an illiterate (housewife with high moral value). With her ideology and helpful nature she had a big impact on him. He attended his schooling from govt school and completed a degree in electrical engineering, after post-graduation he worked as a lecturer in Bhopal for a few years.
Child Labour – Serious Issue in Developing Countries
More than 10.1 million children age between 5 to 14 years are working as child labor in India. Although it is decreased to around 20% in the past 15 years, but still it is a slap to our society that child labor still exists in this developing country.
If we dig the data from Census 2011, a total of 152 million children out of which 88 million boys and 64 million girls are in child labor globally. For a populated country like India child labor is a serious issue, one in the three child labor is illiterate.
When children are forced to work as labor it is less likely they attend the school. Here forced to work has a different meaning according to the situation, it can be real physical force or can be situational force. We can not deny the fact that most of us at any point in our entire life have seen children working in different sectors. We have seen them working in Dhabas where they do the table and plate cleaning works, selling different things on the street to earn and help their families make ends meet.
Where do Child Labourers work in India Work?
According to a study, most of the child laborers in India are working in agriculture. Especially in cotton and rice fields. Below are some industries where child labor is most common:
- Brick Making Factories
- Rice Fields
- Cotton Plantations
- Bidi and Cigarette Sellings
- Plate and Table Cleaning at Dhabas
- Carpet Making Factories
- Gem Polishing and So on…
Major Obstacles in Child Education in India
Poverty: For developing country like India poverty is one of the major concerns, although the government has stepped forward in providing free education for children. Our sincere thanks to one of the best prime minister India ever had was Late Mr. Atal Bihari Vajpayee for his Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (सर्व शिक्षा अभियान). But due to poverty parents cannot afford uniforms, books, or even school fees in some cases.
People in rural areas consider food, clothes, and house to be the basic elements of life and for them education is not necessary. They send their children to the field or on different work rather than sending them to school.
Girls Under Age Marriage: Early marriage of an underage girl is a major obstacle in India. Child marriage is still one of the major and serious issues that we are still facing.
High Population and Less Budget on Education: After China, India is the second most populated country in the world with whopping 135.26 crores people (2018 Data) living in different parts of the country. India only spent 4.6% of its GDP on the education sector which is very less. If less budget is spent on the education sector it leads to several problems like schools not having proper buildings, no classrooms, not enough teaching staff.
Kailash Satyarthi (कैलाश सत्यार्थी) – Fighting for Children’s and Young People Rights
Kailash Satyarthi (कैलाश सत्यार्थी) in 1980 gave up his job and founded an organization Bachpan Bachao Andolan (Save Childhood Movement). In Poor and developing countries the rights of children are respected but due to circumstances, children are deprived of basic education. Kailash Satyarthi at this age is still struggling to stop children being exploited as laborers, it is not just limited to labor but in pornographic, trafficking, child begging, etc.
“Kailash Satyarthi has highlighted child labor as a human rights issue.”
He had several life-threatening attacks but this does not stop him for what he is doing for the society. He emerged as one of the tallest leaders and loudest voice against child exploitation in different sectors. He has personally recovered thousands of childrens in slavery from different factories in India, for this he faced several obstacles.
In 2014, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize along with the Pakistani education reformer “Malala Yousafzai”.
Taking Inspiration: Kailash Satyarthi is been at the forefront against child slavery fighting for their rights and education since 1980.